North korea dating system
The list includes sub-Saharan African countries such as Uganda and Congo, which for decades relied on North Korea to train and equip their armies. Although Cairo has publicly sworn off dealing with North Korea, she said, incidents such as the Jie Shun show how hard it is to break old habits, especially for military managers seeking to extend the life of costly weapons systems.Egypt's army today still has dozens of weapons systems that were originally of Soviet design.North Korea has started to innovate and move beyond those designs, but it is still willing to provide spare parts and maintenance.As the Russians and Chinese have moved away from this market, the North Koreans have stuck around."As a succession of harsh U. sanctions threatened to chase away customers, North Korea simply changed tactics.Asked about the boxes, the crew produced a bill of lading listing the contents, in awkward English, as "assembly parts of the underwater pump." But after the last of the 79 crates was unloaded and opened at Egypt's al-Adabiyah port, it was clear that this was a weapons shipment like none other: more than 24,000 rocket-propelled grenades, and completed components for 6,000 more. experts would reveal yet another deception, this one apparently intended to fool the weapons' Egyptian recipients: Each of the rockets bore a stamp with a manufacturing date of March 2016, just a few months before the Jie Shun sailed.All were North Korean copies of a rocket warhead known as the PG-7, a variant of a Soviet munition first built in the 1960s. But the label, like the manifest, was false."On-site analysis revealed that they were not of recent production," the U. report said, "but rather had been stockpiled for some time."North Korea's booming illicit arms trade is an outgrowth of a legitimate business that began decades ago.In the 1960s and '70s, the Soviet Union gave away conventional weapons - and, in some cases, entire factories for producing them - to developing countries as a way of winning allies and creating markets for Soviet military technology.Many of these client states would standardize the use of communist-bloc munitions and weapons systems in their armies, thus ensuring a steady demand for replacement parts and ammunition that would continue well into the future.
The sanctions stigma inevitably scared away some potential buyers, but the trading in the shadows remains brisk, intelligence officials and Western diplomats say.Egyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi, left, listens while U. President Donald Trump makes a statement at the Palace Hotel on Sept. Although Trump praised al-Sissi when they met in July, a White House statement made clear that a warning had been delivered in private reminding Egypt to "stop providing economic or military benefits to North Korea."Egyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi, left, listens while U. President Donald Trump makes a statement at the Palace Hotel on Sept. Although Trump praised al-Sissi when they met in July, a White House statement made clear that a warning had been delivered in private reminding Egypt to "stop providing economic or military benefits to North Korea." (Brendan Smialowski / AFP/Getty Images) Last August, a secret message was passed from Washington to Cairo warning about a mysterious vessel steaming toward the Suez Canal.